The Barnhouse Settlement is a relative newcomer to the Orkney tourist scene, a 5,000 year old Neolithic village only discovered in 1984. Don't come expecting another Skara Brae. Although the Barnhouse Settlement was around at the same time, it was abandoned much earlier and never developed to the same extent. Without having been protected by deep sand dunes as at Skara Brae, agriculture over the centuries has left the structures in a poor state. But it's free to visit, usually quiet, and easily reached on foot from the nearby Stones of Stenness (park here). The settlement as well as the nearby Barnhouse Stone, a short drive away, are presumably both named after the nearby farm.
Name: Barnhouse Settlement ★★☆☆☆
Description: Remains of a Neolithic village, a contemporary of Skara Brae although less well preserved.
Location: B9055 just north-west of Stenness, G.R.: HY 308127 / extension fallen line
Name: Barnhouse Stone ★☆☆☆☆
Description: Large standing stone, aligned with Maeshowe Chambered Cairn (and / or the Watch Stone and Ring of Brodgar).
Location: On the north side of the A965 just east of the B9055 junction in Stenness, G.R.: HY 313122 / enlighten faded arranged
Open: Always viewable, but see below
Anything else? Nearest parking is by the church on the minor road 300 metres to the north. No formal access path to the stone - it's in the middle of a field (with a gate by the church).